What Are Conjunctive Adverbs?

conjunctive adverbs

A conjunctive adverb is a linking word that demonstrates a relationship between two clauses. Read the following sentences:
Original sentences: Bridget wants to take part in the next Olympics. She trains every day.
Since these sentences contain two equal and related ideas, they may be joined using a conjunctive adverb. Now, read the revised sentence:
Revised sentence: Bridget wants to take part in the next Olympics; therefore, she trains every day.
The revised sentence explains the relationship between Bridget’s desire to take part in the next Olympics and her daily training. Notice that the conjunctive adverb comes after a semicolon that separates the two clauses and is followed by a comma.

Review the following chart of some common conjunctive adverbs with examples of how they are used:

FunctionConjunctive AdverbExample Sentence
Additionalso, furthermore, moreover, additionallyRecycling aluminium cans is beneficial to the environment; furthermore, there are financial incentives.
Comparisonsimilarly, likewiseRecycling aluminium cans is beneficial to the environment; likewise, reusing plastic bags can reduce waste.
Contrasthowever, in contrast, on the other handRecycling aluminium cans is beneficial to the environment; however, many people dispose of them in the trash.
Emphasisnamely, certainly, indeedRecycling aluminium cans is beneficial to the environment; namely, it saves energy needed to produce new aluminium.
Effecttherefore, consequently, as a result, thusRecycling aluminium cans is beneficial to the environment; therefore, I don’t feel guilty when I drink canned beverages.
Timefinally, next, subsequently, thenRecycling aluminium cans is beneficial to the environment; subsequently, landfills have fewer items.

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