Using Coordination and Subordination for Sentence Variety

Sentence variety plays a vital role in engaging readers and conveying ideas effectively. To achieve this, writers should master the techniques of both coordination and subordination.

By skillfully utilising these concepts, you can transform your writing from monotonous to captivating, ensuring your ideas are conveyed with precision and impact.

Advantages of Sentence Variety in Writing

Why is sentence variety important? Well, it enhances readability, maintains reader engagement, and adds depth and complexity to your writing. By incorporating a mix of coordinated and subordinate clauses, you can bring your ideas to life and keep your readers hooked.

Sentence variety also helps in conveying information and expressing thoughts more clearly. Through the deliberate use of coordination and subordination techniques, you can emphasize certain points, establish relationships between ideas, and create a rhythmic flow that captures the reader’s attention.

Professional writers often employ sentence variety to captivate their audience. Whether it’s an engaging novel, a persuasive article, or an informative essay, varied sentences ensure that the writing remains interesting, impactful, and memorable.

Understanding Coordination

Coordination is a technique that allows writers to connect independent clauses of equal importance within a sentence. It brings balance, rhythm, and flow to the overall structure. Coordinating conjunctions such as “and,” “but,” and “or” serve as the glue that holds these independent clauses together, creating a seamless connection.

For instance, compare the following sentences:

  • “I enjoy reading. I also like hiking.”
  • “I enjoy reading and hiking.”

By coordinating the two independent clauses with the conjunction “and,” the sentences flow together smoothly.

Enhancing Sentence Variety through Subordination

Subordination, on the other hand, involves joining a dependent clause to an independent clause, forming a complex sentence. This technique adds complexity and depth to your writing, enabling you to express relationships between ideas clearly.

Subordinating conjunctions, such as “although,” “because,” and “while,” are used to introduce dependent clauses. By using these conjunctions effectively, you can create subordinate clauses that provide additional information or context to the main clause.

Consider the following example:

  • “She failed the exam. Therefore, she didn’t get into her preferred university.”
  • “Although she failed the exam, she didn’t get into her preferred university.”

By using the subordinating conjunction “although,” the two ideas are connected, and the cause-and-effect relationship between failing the exam and not getting into the preferred university is made explicit.

Balancing Coordination and Subordination

Coordination and subordination work hand in hand to create sentence variety and ensure a smooth flow of ideas. In fact, many sentences will incorporate both techniques to achieve a balanced effect.

By combining coordination and subordination, writers can express complex ideas succinctly without sacrificing coherence. For instance:

  • “She worked diligently, but she still didn’t manage to finish the project on time.”

In this sentence, coordination is used with the conjunction “but” to join two independent clauses, while subordination is employed in the first independent clause by using the adverbial clause “she worked diligently.”


Coordination and subordination are powerful tools in the writer’s arsenal. By skillfully combining the two techniques, you can transform your writing from ordinary to extraordinary. Sentence variety not only enhances readability but also adds depth and clarity to your ideas.

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